What Are The Different Types Of Vascular Disease?

Peripheral vascular disease is a blood circulation disease that causes the blood vessels outside of your heart and brain to block, narrow, or spasm. This can occur in your arteries or veins.

PVD typically produces pain and fatigue, often in your legs, and particularly during exercise. The pain usually improves with rest.

It involves the condition that affects your circulatory system, such as peripheral artery disease. This differs from diseases of your arteries, veins and lymph vessels to blood disorders that affect circulation. If you are interested to know more about this topic you can visit Vascular Diseases Journal.

It can similarly affect the vessels that provide blood and oxygen to your:

  • arms
  • stomach and intestines
  • kidneys

In PVD, blood vessels grow narrowed, and blood flow reduces. That can be due to arteriosclerosis, or “hardening of the arteries,” or it can be affected by blood vessel spasms.

In arteriosclerosis, plaques increase up in a vessel and limit the flow of blood and oxygen to your organs and limbs.

As plaque growth improves, clots may develop and completely block the artery. This can lead to organ injury and loss of fingers, toes, or limbs if left untreated. 

Types Of Vascular Disease:

Abdominal aortic aneurysm: 

An abdominal aortic aneurysm is an extended and swelling area of the aorta. The aorta is the big blood vessel that takes oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the rest of the body.  

This kind of aneurysm is in the belly, where the aorta takes blood to the lower body. If an aneurysm grows too big, it can cause serious problems. A bulging aorta is exposed and can burst, or rupture. This effects life-threatening bleeding. 

If your doctor has defined that your aneurysm is small and not growing fast, it is safe to watch the aneurysm correctly and wait on surgery. If the aneurysm is more extensive, surgery may be the safest option. In some cases, your doctor may be prepared to put in a type of graft, called a stent, to make the aneurysm without doing major surgery.


Atherosclerosis, sometimes termed as “hardening of the arteries,” occurs when fat (cholesterol) and calcium develop up in the wall of the veins, creating a substance called plaque. In additional time, the fat and calcium buildup may narrow the artery and decrease blood flow through it.

A significant part of treating atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease involves lifestyle changes (such as quitting smoking) and medicines to help overcome high cholesterol, control high blood pressure, and control other things that increase a person’s risk of stroke, heart attack, and other complications.


Venous Insufficiency:

It occurs when the veins in the legs do not deliver blood to the heart and upper body normally. Causes involve long-term with high blood pressure inside leg veins and blood clots in leg veins.

The veins in the body produce valves that stop blood from flowing the wrong way. These valves keep blood circulating toward the heart. Venous insufficiency suggests that the valves in the veins have become damaged, letting blood to flow backwards. This can produce fluid to pool in the legs. This occurs in swelling of the legs and may cause varicose veins.

Symptoms of venous insufficiency involve tight calves, swollen ankles, and an aching or heaviness in the legs. If you have any issues with ears, nose you can know the information of that issues in Otorhinolaryngology Journal.