What Are The Types, Causes And Rehabilitation Of Disability?

A disability is a complete or partial, temporary or permanent physical, mental, sensory, educational, communicative, or psychological impairment that has a considerable and long-term adverse impact on the disabled person’s ability to carry out regular day-to-day activities and making him dependent on his family or others, or in need of special tool, training and rehabilitation to use of it.

What Are The Types of Disability?

Physical Disability: The person is not able to control the motion of an organ or more of their body organs.

Visual Impairment: They range from poor vision to complete blindness.

Hearing Impairment: These impairments range from poor hearing to complete deafness.

Educational and Intellectual Impairment: The person suffering from this impairment will be unable to normally learn, remember or process information.

Mental disorders.

Disorders in maintaining social relations and communication.

What Are The Causes of Disabilities?

Genetic Disorders: They are either caused by inherited genes or because of an external factor.

Diseases or accidents that affect the mother during pregnancy or delivery. 

Complications triggered by the negligence of treatment, and the inability to control diseases, such as:

  • Heart diseases and strokes.
  • Diseases affecting muscles and joint inflammation.
  • Diabetes.
  • Aging. 
  • Cancer.
  • Acquired disability, caused by work injuries or accidents.
  • Nervous system diseases.
  • Undefined reasons.

What Is The Prevention For Disability?

You can protect some types of disabilities against yourself against caused by chronic diseases, by controlling them and preventing complications. This has to be achieved through:

  • Adopting a healthy lifestyle, exercising and maintaining optimal weight, having healthy food, 
  • Regular follow-up with the doctor to control the illness or disease.
  • Taking the required medications regularly.

What Is The Rehabilitation Of Persons With Disabilities?

Rehabilitation means the preparation of people with disabilities to adapt to as well as positively interact with the society, through a series of social programs and activities, and offering them jobs as work is no less important for them than all other people. Read the rehabilitation journal for more information.

What Is The Treatment For Disability?

The type of health care  such as drug treatment, physiotherapy, etc. will vary according to the type of disability found in the person. It is very much recommended to see the doctor regularly to follow up treatment and take the required vaccinations against infectious diseases.

How To Care For People With Disability?

Those living with people with disabilities should ensure a healthy and safe environment for them, as much as possible. They should:

  • Provide daily care for the person, such as healthy food, hygiene, and more, and, if possible, training them on doing their basic tasks by themselves.
  • Give innovative tools and techniques that will help the disabled person to do their daily tasks easily and safely, without any risk of injury. 

  • Pay close attention to the safety and security of the environment in which the disabled person lives; for example, availing specific paths to guide him and make their movement easier. 
  • Pay attention to the mental and social aspects, which can be improved by organizing regular visits or picnics for recreational purpose. 
  • Take part in outdoor activities, and register in a club, thereby improving the mental and physical state of the person. Read the addiction research journal to know about people with addiction.
  • Include the person with disability in the day to day family activities, to promote their self-confidence and hone their skills.
  • Pay close attention to education, and help developing the mental skills of the person, by providing them with modern educational tools that will make it easier for them to access information and learn.
  • Offer the person a balanced and healthy food, lest they should suffer from malnutrition problems such as thinness, anemia, obesity and overweight, aside from other diseases leading to immunodeficiency.