Back Injury Causes, Types, Prevention and Treatment

The human back has a complex structure, made up of bones, ligaments, tendons, and nerves. Due to the complex nature and the interaction between these components, back injuries can be severe, sometimes resulting in pain and long-term disablement.


Common Causes of back injuries

  • Lifting heavy objects
  • Sudden jolting movement due to slip, trip, accident at work, or road accident
  • Lifting heavy object without proper training

Some common types of Back injuries are

The human backbone is made up of 33 bones, nerves and tissues extended from bones to the pelvis. Between each of the vertebra is an intervertebral disk, which works as a shock absorber between the vertebrae.

  • Cervical Vertebrae- forming the upper part of the spine
  • Thoracic Vertebrae- bones between the neck and the lower back total 12 bones
  • Lumbar Vertebrae- 5 largest and strongest vertebrae located between the chest and hips
  • Sacrum and Coccyx- are the bones at the base of the spine. The sacrum is made up of five vertebrae, and the coccyx is formed from four vertebrae

Types of Back injuries:

Two types of back injuries

  • Spondylolisthesis
  • Cervical radiculopathy

Spondylolisthesis- mostly occurs when a vertebra, slips from the base of the spine. It can also occur due to the defect in one or both of wing-shaped parts of a vertebra. General symptoms are the pain in lower back and buttocks that radiates down to legs.

Cervical Radiculopathy- a condition that results from impaired nerve function


Tips to Prevent Back Injuries

  • Correct your Posture- Correct your posture while sitting, an incorrect position will degenerate your lower back.
  • Avoid Lifting heavy object- If you are healthy but untrained and lift heavy weight, you can still injure your back by
  • Improve physical health- If you are unhealthy and have a fragile body the risk of getting injured is increased.
  • Stretch your hamstring- Hamstring stretching can help decreases the effects of pressure on the pelvis and lower back.
  • Frequent traveller use back support- travellers who frequently visits have a risk of back injury, by using proper back support and backbone pusher you can reduce the effects of long-term travelling

Treatment for Back Injury

There is no specific healing time of back injury. It depends on the type, severity and the angle of damage. Back injury can be mild to dangerous. You need to know that in severe injuries you may lose your ability to move.

Heal time also depend on the victim’s age, profession, and daily routine.

Patients suffering from backbone pain are often referred for physical therapy for weeks. This treatment is initial conservative and nonsurgical treatment, an option before considering other more aggressive treatments. Usually, the main task of therapy is to decrease back pain, increase function.

In non-surgical treatment, you can also use NSAID. These medications generally reduce the feeling of pain and relax the muscle and nerves of a patient. If you experience sudden pain, you can buy gabapentin online. This medication directly affects the nerves and minimises their response for pain.